Niasar Fire Temple:
Niasar fire temple or Char Taghi (four arches) is one of the historical monuments of Niasar city, located 20km away in the west side of kashan. This construction, known as Sasanid fire temple, is located near Eskandarieh spring. It has become one of the famous Char Taghi architectures because of its location which is in a touristic district. According to specialists, this construction dates back to the end of Ashkanid period or the beginning of Sasanid period.
This monument has been registered as one of the national heritages of Iran on 12/11/1938 with Reg.No.316.
Ghias Abadi believes that this Char Taghi had calendar applications and was constructed in a way that sunset and sun rise could be seen from one of its apertures at the beginning and middle of each season. Like other single Char Taghi buildings in Iran, Niasar fire Char Taghi has no other constructions around it and its accuracy is more that the other Char Taghi constructions in the world.
Few meters away from the Char Taghi, a fresh and cool spring flows to the village. This spring, called Eskandarieh spring, is one of the oldest known springs which is 1680m above the sea level. It is worth to mention that there are water streams near many other fire temples which could be the sign of worshiping Anahita, the goddess of fertility which is relevant to water. Down to the spring is Eskandar waterfall. There are two millstones at the bottom of the waterfall. This waterfall is located at the historical part of the city and its slope is covered with beautiful and green vegetations. Phenomenon of limestone dissolution during a long period of time has resulted in formation of spectacular textures such as Stalaktits and Stalagmit in the body of the waterfall.
Niasar cave is a man-made artificial cave which was constructed for religious purposes and worshiping ceremonies. This cave consists of several tunnels and tight and long corridors, several rooms and wells. There is no access to the bottom of these wells without sophisticated equipments. Niasar cave is known as “Rees Cave” and had been unknown for many centuries. This cave has 3 floors and consists of 2 channels, one circular and one horizontal. These corridors are 2.500m long and 1m wide. Circular cave has 2 interiors while the horizontal cave has 4 interiors. Circular cave consists of 7 rooms carved professionally within the mountain and connected to the lower floors by wells and corridors. Deepest well in this cave has a depth about 10m deep.
Fin garden is an Iranian garden. Fin bath is located within this garden in which Amirkabir was killed by Naseroldin King in 1852. This garden and its buildings date back to Safavid period. Garden area is 23000 square meters and has one central yard surrounded by walls and cylindrical towers. This garden has been registered as one of national Iranian heritages with No.238 and lately has been recorded in Enesco.
Abyaneh is a village in central district of Natanz city, Esfahan province. It is located at the 40km northwest of Natanz in the hillside of Karkas Mountain. This village is one of highest residential places in Iran; the altitude of the village is 22223m above the sea level. This village is one of the oldest villages of Iran. It is estimated that -this city dates back to 1500 years ago which attracting numerous native and foreign tourist from around the country and the world and known to be one the ancient human habitats in the margin of Kavir of Iran. There are several historical monuments related to Sasanid, Seljuk, Safavid and Ghajar periods in this village which show the ancient history of this human habitat. Because of its native architectures and diverse historical monuments, Abyaneh is a famous and well known village in Iran.
For centuries, the residents of Abyaneh have lived in isolation because it is mountainous and far away from the population centers and communication roads. Therefore, they have retained their traditional ceremonies, customs and their old accent. Traditional wearing is common among them, men wearing a loose black trouser (Dabit, trouser of Bakhtiari’s men) and women wear a long colorful and floral dress with a long white kerchief. This village has been registered as one of the national Iranian heritages, with Reg. No. 1089 on 21/08/1975
Fin bath is located within the fin garden and is famous for killing of Amirkabir, prime minister of Naseroldin king of Ghajar on 10/01/1852.
There are 2 bathrooms in south part of fin garden known as big and small bath. The small bath has been constructed at the same time with the fin garden and dates back to Safavid period. The big one has been constructed by the order of Fathali king in Ghajar period. The big bath had been allocated to the dignitaries and the small one had been used by servants. This bath has several corridors and a graceful architecture. Fin bath has been registered as one of the Iranian national heritages. The fin garden has been registered in Enesco world heritage on 07/12/1935.